Friday, April 18, 2008

Cofusing Words


  • To have an influence on or effect a change in: Inflation affects the buying power of the dollar.
  • To act on the emotions of; touch or move.
  • To attack or infect, as a disease: Rheumatic fever can affect the heart.

  • Feeling or emotion, especially as manifested by facial expression or body language: “The soldiers seen on television had been carefully chosen for blandness of affect”.
  • Obsolete. A disposition, feeling, or tendency.


affect, influence, impress, touch, move, strike.

These verbs mean to produce a mental or emotional effect.

- To affect is to act upon a person's emotions: Adverse criticism of the book didn't affect the author.

- To influence implies some control over the thinking, actions, and emotions of another: “Humanity is profoundly influenced by what you do” .

- To impress is to produce a marked, often enduring effect:The Tibetan landscape particularly impressed him”

- To touch usually means to arouse a tender response:The tributes [to the two deceased musicians] were fitting and touching”

- To move suggests a profound emotional effect: The account of her experiences moved us to tears.

- To strike implies keenness or force of mental response: I was struck by the sudden change in his appearance.


Affect and effect have no senses in common. As a verb affect is most commonly used in the sense of “to influence” (how smoking affects health). Effect means “to bring about or execute”: layoffs designed to effect savings. Thus the sentence These measures may affect savings could imply that the measures may reduce savings that have already been realized, whereas These measures may effect savings implies that the measures will cause new savings to come about.


Be Con Tinh Nghich said...

Halu, Sir! Spam

Anonymous said...

dear teacher!
why do not you anwser "annoy and angry"?
hello be con tinh nghich!
i have never entered your blog, so i think you that you recornize wrong person. i think that everybody has their own confusing words, so i have confusing words which the same cofusing words on your blog , it is normal. my name is anonymous.
anyway, nice to meet you!

Anonymous said...
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Breaking News English said...
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Breaking News English said...
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meomatbu87 said...

I've just heard that affect has negative meaning and influence has possitive meaning...Is it right? :> meo

nguyenhonganhtesol said...


v. an•noyed, an•noy•ing, an•noys
1. To cause slight irritation to (another) by troublesome, often repeated acts.
2. To harass or disturb by repeated attacks.


To be annoying.

Synonyms: annoy, irritate, bother, irk, vex, provoke, aggravate, peeve, rile

These verbs mean to disturb or trouble a person, evoking moderate anger. Annoy refers to mild disturbance caused by an act that tries one's patience: The sound of the printer annoyed me.
- Irritate is somewhat stronger: I was irritated by their constant interruptions.
Bother implies imposition: In the end, his complaining just bothered the supervisor.
- Irk connotes a wearisome quality: The city council's inactivity irked the community.
- Vex applies to an act capable of arousing anger or perplexity: Hecklers in the crowd vexed the speaker.
- Provoke implies strong and often deliberate incitement to anger: His behavior provoked me to reprimand the whole team.
- Aggravate is a less formal equivalent: "Threats only served to aggravate people in such cases" William Makepeace Thackeray.
- Peeve, also somewhat informal, suggests a querulous, resentful response to a mild disturbance: Your flippant answers peeved me.
- To rile is to upset and to stir up: It riled me to have to listen to such lies.


adj. an•gri•er, an•gri•est
1. Feeling or showing anger; incensed or enraged: angry at a rude neighbor; angry with a salesclerk.
2. Indicative of or resulting from anger: an angry silence.
3. Having a menacing aspect; threatening: angry clouds on the horizon.
4. Chiefly New England & Midland U.S. Inflamed and painful: an angry sore.

an gri•ly adv.
an gri•ness n.

Synonyms: angry, furious, indignant, irate, ireful, mad, wrathful
These adjectives mean feeling or showing marked displeasure: an angry retort; a furious scowl; an indignant denial; irate protesters; ireful words; mad at a friend; a wrathful act.

Be Con Tinh Nghich said...

May be ur name is the same with many Mr.HongAnh's students. I did not surprise when u said that (She used "Yen Nhi" when she cm in my blog)
Happy Weekend!

Anonymous said...

dear teacher!
i hope that you are not angry me when i say that" do why i have to ask you some confusing words many times, you agree to answer my questions?

Anonymous said...

dear teacher!
can you show me what is the differnce between decrease and reduce?

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